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Otorhinolaryngology (ORL)

Brief History of the Department

Otorhinolaryngology in University of Ilorin began with Dr. John Oyediran Olabisi in the early 1980s with teaching of medical students and running of the out-patients department and occasional surgeries.

Professor Onyekwere Ogan later assumed duty as a Consultant Ear, Nose and Throat Surgeon in 1989 and under his leadership, Ear, Nose and Throat became a full clinical department both at the Teaching Hospital and the University of Ilorin, Ilorin.  Professor Ogan started with two residents Dr. Foluwasayo Emmanuel Ologe and Dr. Segun-Busari, Segun who were both appointed as residents on 3rd September 1990.  Later on Dr. Adekunle David Dunmade was appointed as a resident.  These were Professor Ogan’s three residents.

Unfortunately, Professor Ogan was involved in a ghastly motor accident which claimed his life on 8th August, 1991. Following this incident, the resident doctors were sponsored by the Teaching Hospital to LUTH and UCH to complete their training.  Professor GTA Ijaduola, from University College Hospital Ibadan, a Visiting Consultant between 1992 and 1996 rendered services during this period to the medical students.

In 1996 Dr. F.E. Ologe completed his residency training and was appointed a Hospital Consultant and a Lecturer I.  Dr. A.D. Dunmade completed his training in 1998 and was appointed as a Lecturer I and later Honorary Consultant by the University Teaching Hospital, Ilorin.  Dr. Segun-Busari, Segun completed his training in 2001, appointed as a Lecturer I with Dr. B.S. Alabi in 2002.  Subsequently both Drs. Segun-Busari and Dr. B.S. Alabi were appointed Honorary Consultants in 2002. All of whom have been head of department at various point in time.

 

Currently the department has three professors and two senior lecturer that are saddle with various positions of responsibility by the university as below:

Professor F.E. Ologe - Council Member of the University of Ilorin, Nigeria.

Professor A.D. Dunmade – Director of Stem Cell Research, University of Ilorin, Nigeria

Professor B. S. Alabi – Director for Centre for Research Development and In-House Training (CREDIT), University of Ilorin, Nigeria.

The Department has a full accreditation of both the National Postgraduate Medical College and the West African College of Surgeons. The academic staff team of the department now has Dr. O. A. Afolabi a senior Lecturer and Dr. H. K. Omokanye a lecturer I on board. Dr S.O. Idris is still an Hospital Consultant waiting to be appointed into the academic cadre.

Otorhinolaryngology Mission statements are:

  1. To provide a qualitative Otorhinolaryngological (ORL) training and care for all our students and patients based on best global practice.
  2. To create an innovative and research oriented ORL practice for maximization of available resources and provide responsive care to the society’s needs and challenges
  3. To Provide qualitative training for the undergraduate and Postgraduate students.

 

We have track record of excellence in:

  1. Diagnostic and therapeutic  Nasopharyngeal and Laryngeal endoscopy services
  2. Adult and Paediatric otorhinolaryngological disease care
  3. Transphenoidal surgery
  4. Mastoid and Middle ear surgery
  5. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery
  6. Paediatric and Adult Adenoid and Tonsillar Surgeries
  7. Head and Neck Tumor Management like Parotid,Submandibular, Thyroid etc

 

We are pioneers of some patented materials and leading institution in some high-tech minimal invasive surgery or procedures and some courses:

  1. Alabi-Omokanye-Adebola Temporal bone holder device
  2. Transnasal transphenoidal pituitary surgery
  3. ILORIN HEAD AND NECK COURSE since 2009
Head of Department since inception  
       
S/N Name of Heads  of Department Years served  
1 Prof. O. Ogan 1989 – August 1991  
2 Head of Surgery as Coordinator  1st August 1991 –   August 2000  
3 Dr. (now Prof.) F. E. Ologe 1st August 2000 - 1st August 2002  
4 Dr. A. D. Dunmade  (now Prof.) 1st August 2002 – 1st  August 2004  
5 Dr. (now Prof.) F. E. Ologe 1st August 2004 - 1st August 2006  
6 Dr. B. S. Alabi  (now Prof.) 1st August 2006 - 1st August 2008  
7 Dr. S. Segun-Busari 1st August 2008 - 1st August 2009  
8 Prof. F. E. Ologe 1st August 2009 - 1st August 2012  
9 Dr. A. D. Dunmade  (now Prof.) 1st August 2012 – 31st  July, 2013  
10 Dr. A. D. Dunmade  (now Prof.) 1st August 2013 – 31st July, 2014  
11 Dr. B. S. Alabi  (now Prof.) 1st August 2014 – 31st July 2015  
12 Dr. B. S. Alabi  (now Prof.) 1st August 2015 – 8 March 2016  
13 Prof. A. D. Dunmade 9th March 2016  -  5th November, 2017  
14 Dr O.A. Afolabi 6th November – Till date  
       
       
Current ORL Department Academic Staff
S/N NAME QUALIFICATIONS POST
1 Dr. O. A. Afolabi MBBS (Zaria), Cert. in Health Planning, FWACS, FMCORL, FACS Senior Lecturer &
      Ag. HOD
2 Prof. A. D. Dunmade MBBS (Ilorin), FWACS, FMCORL Professor
3 Prof. F. E. Ologe MBBS (Ibadan), FWACS, FMCORL Professor
4 Prof. B. S. Alabi MBBS (Ilorin), Cert. in Health Information, FWACS, FMCORL Professor
5 Dr. S. Segun-Busari MBBS (Ilorin), FWACS, FICS Senior Lecturer
6 Dr. H. K. Omokanye MBBS (Zaria), FWACS,  FMCORL Lecturer I
7 Dr. S.O. Idris MBBS (Ilorin), FWACS Consultant ORL Surgeon
       
Current ORL Administrative Staff 2017
S/NO. NAME POST  
1 Dr. O.A. Afolabi Ag. Head of Department  
2 Mrs. A. O. Akinola Chief Secretarial Assistant  
3 Mr. A. O. Shuaib Clerical Assistant  
4 Mrs. S. Bodunrin Head Office Assistant  
       
DEPARTMENTAL ACTIVITIES  
DAYS ACTIVITIES CONSULTANTS  
MONDAY CONSULTANT WARD ROUND  GRAND ROUND CONSULTANT ON CALL ALL CONSULTANTS  
TUESDAY OUTPATIENT CLINIC PROF. OLOGE/DR AFOLABI PROF. ALABI/DR IDRIS  
WEDNESDAY THEATRE ALL CONSULTANTS  
THURSDAY OUTPATIENT CLINIC PROF. DUNMADE/DR OMOKANYE DR SEGUN-BUSARI  
       
FRIDAY THEATRE ALL CONSULTANTS  
SATURDAY POST OP WARD ROUND AND MEDICAL STUDENT BEDSIDE TEACHING CONSULTANT ON CALL  

Curriculum Contents

Otology and Neurotology

  • Anatomy of the Auditory and Vestibular Systems
  • Development of the Ear
  • Physiology of the Auditory and Vestibular Systems
  • Diagnostic Audiology, Hearing Aids
  • Diseases of the External Ear
  • Otitis Media and Middle Ear Effusions
  • Chronic Otitis Media
  • Cranial and Intracranial complications of Acute and Chronic Otitis Media
  • Otosclerosis
  • Congenital Hearing Impairment
  • Trauma to the External, Middle Ear, and Inner Ear CSF Otorrhear
  • Ototoxicity
  • Meniere’s Disease, Vestibular Neuronitis, Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
  • Cerebellopontine Angle Tumors
  • Presbyacusis
  • Tinnitus and Hyperacusis
  • Facial Paralysis
  • Foreign bodies in the Ear.

Rhinology

  • Anatomy and Physiology of the Nose and Paranasal Sinuses
  • Olfaction and Gustation
  • Sinusitis
  • Nasal Polyps
  • Neoplasms of the nose and Paranasal Sinuses
  • Epistaxis, Foreign bodies in the Nose

Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

  • Reconstruction of the Ear
  • Nasal Reconstruction and Rhinoplasty
  • Facial Fractures
  • Reconstruction of the Maxilla and Mandible
  • Flaps and Grafts in the Head and Neck

 

Paediatric Otolaryngology

  • Microtial, Canal Atresia, and Middle Ear Anomalies
  • Anatomy and Physiology of the Oral Cavity and Pharynx
  • Diseases of the Oral Cavity, Oropharynx, and Nasopharynx
  • Congenital Anomalies of the Larynx
  • Congenital Anomalies of the Head and Neck

 

Laryngology

  • Anatomy and Physiology of the Larynx
  • Development of the Larynx
  • Disorders of Voice, Speech and Language
  • Trauma to the Larynx
  • Infectious and Inflammatory Diseases of the Larynx

 

Head and Neck Surgery

  • Chemotherapy for Head and Neck Cancer
  • Neoplasms of the Nasopharynx
  • Neoplasms of the Oral Cavity and Oropharynx
  • Diseases of the Salivary Glands
  • Laser Surgery in the Head and Neck

Functions of the Department

The functions of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology are the objectives and the goal of the department which equally identifies the vision of the University that is

University of Ilorin Vision Statement:

  • To be an international centre of excellence in learning, research, probity and service to humanity

University of Ilorin Mission Statement:

  • To provide world-class environment for learning, research and community service.

In view of this therefore the functions of the Department are as follows:

1.To provide teaching and clinical demonstration to medical student in Otorhinolaryngology for their Special Surgical posting.

2. To encourage the conduct of research and academic publication in Otorhinolaryngology for their special surgical posting.

3.  To train Doctors in the residency programme in various examinations leading to the award of the postgraduate fellowship in Otorhinolaryngology.

4.   To give training in Otorhinolaryngology to Resident Doctors in other specialities who requires exposure in Otorhinolaryngology as part of the prerequisite for the award of their specialty’s fellowship.

5.  Public education of the general population on prevention, early diagnosis and treatment as well as possible sequel common Ear, Nose and Throat disease.

6.  To render services to the general population by diagnosing and treating Ear, Nose and Throat diseases and other ailments affecting the Head and Neck region.

7.  To determine and treat hearing disabilities early in life and carry out regular follow-up so as to limit or prevent permanent loss of hearing in life.

8. To train qualified nurses in the care and management of Otorhinolaryngological patients and teach student nurses and other paramedical staff the basic knowledge of Otorhinolaryngology

 

Aims and Objectives:

The undergraduate curriculum in Otorhinolaryngology is aimed at impacting adequate knowledge in basic medical and surgical care of the ear, nose, throat and the head and neck region.  At the completion of posting, the undergraduate should:

• Be able to elicit history of patients’ ORL and relevant general health.

•  Be able to carry out examination of the Ear Nose and throat including Head and Neck region

•  Be familiar with basic ORL investigations

•  Be able to institute simple treatment of common ORL diseases and offer first aid treatment in ORL emergencies, and refer if necessary.

Programme:

Contacts with the ORL are in two phases:

1.  400 Level Introductory Phase: As part of the wider introductory phase to the clinical phase of their studies, medical students are given lectures and exposed to history and examination methods.

2.   600 Level Special Surgical Posting: During this phase, students are rotated in batches through the various ORL Clinics, wards, Seminars, Tutorials, Grand rounds, surgical session and didactic lectures.